Humanities of Latin America
Today’s agenda
Course Housekeeping
Pop quiz
Course housekeeping
Next class. It will be posted on
Final Exam Date: 04/29/2014 Time:
1:00 PM to 3:00 PM Campus: NW
Bldg/Room: P-261
Brazilian Music
(20th CENTURY)
Pre-Modernismo 1902 – 1922:
Transitional Period with various different authors and styles:
Simbolism, realism, naturalism
Regionalism, politics, new proposals
 Augusto dos Anjos
 Euclides da Cunha,
 Monteiro Lobato,
 Lima Barreto
Brazilian Music
(20th CENTURY)
Modernismo 1922:
 A Semana de Arte Moderna / Week of Modern Art
 Composer, Heitor Villa Lobos
 Influenced on O Grupo dos Cinco / the Group of Five
the Grupo dos Cinco
(the Group of Five)
Mário de Andrade.
Oswald de Andrade.
Menotti del Picchia.
Tarsila do Amaral.
Anita Malfatti.
Oswald de
(1890 – 1954)
O manifesto antropófago
(The Cannibal Manifesto)
Cannibalism becomes a way for Brazil to assert itself
against European post-colonial cultural domination.
"Tupi or not Tupi: that is the question."
1. Heitor Villa-Lobos
O manifesto Antropofago / The Cannibal
Manifesto (1928)
 Brazilian Culture: Indigenous and African
influences in music.
Modernist composer born in Rio de
Janeiro (1887-1959)
Brazilian Music styles
(20th CENTURY)
Big Band Era (Carmen Miranda)
II. Bossa-nova (Vinicius, Tom, and
João) – Jazz enters Brazil
III. Música popular brasileira
Brazilian Music
(20th CENTURY)
1. Carmen Miranda*
2. Garoto (Anibal Augusto Sardinha)*
3. Vinicius de Moraes
4. Vinicius De Moraes
5. Tom Jobim
6. João Gilberto
7. Tropicalismo (Gilberto Gil, Caetano Veloso, Tom Zé,
Gal Costa, Os Mutantes)
8. Vanessa da Mata
2. Carmen Miranda
 From the 1930s to the 1950s.
 Beginning of her career in 1929.
 Brazilian samba singer, dancer, Broadway actress,
and film star.
 Hollywood actress (1940).
 She brought to the States Brazilian musicians for her
 The Moon Gang. Nickname: The Brazilian
3. garoto (kid/chico)
• Anibal Augusto Sardinha (1915-55)
• 1940  Plays music with Carmen Miranda’s band in the White
House for President Roosevelt.
• 1940  Gets several Oscar’s nomination for his music in the
film “Gone with the Wind”
• In the United States played with Benny Goodman and Ella
Fitzgerald. Jazz music influenced on “Garoto”.
• 1948  Comes back to Brazil, bringing with him new sounds
from the United States.
• New musical genre appears in Brazil  “Bossa Nova” (Jazz
and Brazilian music).
4. VinÍcIUS de moraes (1913-80)
• Musician, composer, poet and playwright.
• Orfeu da Conceição (1956) adapted into movie Orfeo
Negro (1959)
• Co-wrote the second most recorded pop song of all time:
Garota de Ipanema (1960) with fellow Bossa Nova legend,
Tom Jobim.
• With Tom Jobim, Toquinho: Só Danço Samba
• With Tom Jobim and Elis Regina: Canto de Ossanha
• With Baden Powell: Canto de Ossanha
5. Tom Jobim (1927-94)
• Antônio “Tom” Carlos Jobim
• Songwriter, composer, arranger, singer, and pianist and
• Bossanova (Jazz and Brazilian music).
• With Frank Sinatra Garota de Ipanema (1967)
• Innovator in the use of sophisticated harmonic structures
in popular song.
• With Elis Regina: Aguas de Março (1974)
6. JoÃo Gilberto (1931)
• Guitarist, singer and songwriter.
• Singer (Chet Baker) A prominent voice.
• 1962, bossa nova had been embraced by Herbie Mann,
Charlie Byrd, and Stan Getz.
• Jazz album Getz/Gilberto (1963)
• U.S. (1962-69), Mexico(1970-71). There recorded João Gilberto
en México (1970).
• White Album (1973) -- limited to the singer, his guitar, and
Sonny Carr on drums.
• Returned to Brazil in 1980.
7. tropicalismo Movement
• Searching for a new identity for young people.
• Gilberto Gil and Caetano Veloso, founders of the
Tropicalia movement (1968).
• Album Tropicália ou Panis et Circencis (1968)
• Album Doces Bárbaros (1976) Song “O seu amor”
• Tropical Truth: A Story of Music and Revolution in Brazil
(2002), an account of the Tropicália movement.
• Compilation Tropiália: A Brazilian Revolution In Sound
• Documentary film, Tropicália (2012)
8. Vanessa da Matta (1976)
• Female reggae band, Shalla-Ball (1992).
• Became a renowned songwriter with “A Força que Nunca
Seca”. (Nomination for Latin Grammy Award, 1999)
• Performed as backing vocal for Bethânia and Baden Powell.
• Released her third album, titled Sim (2007).
• “Boa Sorte/Good Luck", a duet with American singer Ben
Harper, and "Amado", both became number-one hits in
• Latin Grammy Award (2007) Best Contemporary Brazilian
Pop Album.
Pop quiz
Muddiest points

Latin American Music (Brazil)