The Brazilian Academy of Sciences Lucia Mendonça Previato Instituto de Biofísica Carlos Chagas Filho Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro February 2011 Country Brazil Population According to the Brazilian Census 2010 (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics), the total population of the country is of 190,732.694 citizens 97,342,162 (51.04%) women 93,390,532 (48.96%) men Brazilian Academy of Sciences Does the Academy serve as an adviser to government? Yes Does the Academy keep membership data broken down by sex? Are these data open to the public? Yes This information is available upon request. The Academy is currently in the process of structuring a Working Group on Women for Science. A specific area for this WG will be created on the Academy’s website and one of the ideas is to make this information available in the website. How many members does your academy have? How many, or which percentage, are women? How many are women in S&T? Note: The following data was collected on Jan 27, 2011 Member by sex Full Member by sex 97 13.02 % Woman Man 648 86.98 % Total 745 100 % Woman 51 11.70 % Man 385 88.30 % Total 436 100 % Full Members are native or naturalized Brazilians, or foreigners living in Brazil for more than 10 years, with outstanding scientific achievements Corresponding members are outstanding foreign scientists that have contributed significantly to the development of Brazilian science Corresponding Member by sex Woman Man Total 8 149 157 5.10 % 94.90 % 100 % The Associate Member category, created in 1949, has been extinguished. This decision was based on the comprehension that there was no reason for the maintenance of two different levels of association for Brazilian scientists, since the sole criterion for membership is merit. The existing Associate Members will have preserved their rights and obligations, being guaranteed to them the possibility of election as full members. Associate Members by sex Woman Man Total 17 51 68 25.00 % 75.00 % 100 % Collaborating Members are personalities who have rendered outstanding services to the Academy or to the national scientific development Collaborating Member by sex 0 1 1 Woman Man Total 0.00 % 100.00 % 100 % Affiliate members are talented young Brazilian researchers elected to the Academy for a period of 5 years, non-renewable Affiliate Member by sex Woman Man Total 21 62 83 25.30 % 74.70 % 100 % Full Members by Area Area Membership Woman % Man % Social Sciences 19 5 26.32 % 14 73.68 % Biological Sciences 27 7 25.93 % 20 74.07 % Biomedical Sciences 102 15 14.71 % 87 85.29 % Chemical Sciences 50 7 14.00 % 43 86.00 % Agrarian Sciences 22 3 13.64 % 19 86.36 % Health Sciences 23 2 8.70 % 21 91.30 % Physical Sciences 69 5 7.25 % 64 92.75 % Earth Sciences 44 3 6.82 % 41 93,18 % Mathematics 51 3 5.88 % 48 94.12 % Engineering Sciences 29 1 3.45 % 28 96. 55 % How many woman members of your academy presently participate at decision-making levels? BOARD OF DIRECTORS President Vice-President Regional VP North Regional VP Northeast Regional VP South Regional VP Minas & CenterWest Jacob Palis Junior Hernan Chaimovich Guralnik Adalberto Luis Val Cid Bartolomeu de Araújo Francisco Mauro Salzano Regional VP Rio Regional VP São Paulo Director Director Director Director Director Elisa Reis Francisco César de Sá Barreto Adolpho Melfi Carlos Henrique de Brito Cruz Evando Mirra de Paula e Silva Iván Izquierdo Jerson Lima da Silva Luiz Davidovich MEMBERSHIP COMMITTEE Jacob Palis Junior Cid Bartolomeu de Araújo Elias Ayres Guidetti Zagatto Fernando Cosme Rizzo Assunção Fernando Garcia de Mello Francisco Mauro Salzano President Physical Sciences Chemical Sciences Engineering Sciences Biomedical Sciences Biological Sciences Helena Bonciani Nader Biomedical Sciences Health Sciences Physical Sciences Agrarian Sciences Earth Sciences Social Sciences Mathematics Jorge Luiz Gross José Fernando Perez Paulo Arruda Reinhardt Adolfo Fuck Ruben George Oliven Welington Celso de Melo CONSULTATION COUNCIL By Section Agrarian Sciences Biological Sciences Biomedical Sciences Chemical Sciences Earth Sciences Engineering Sciences Health Sciences Paulo Arruda Francisco Mauro Salzano Guilherme Suarez-Kurtz Angelo da Cunha Pinto Alcides Nóbrega Sial Nelson Maculan Filho Wagner Farid Gattaz Mathematics Physical Sciences Keti Tenenblat Social Sciences Elisa Reis Adalberto Fazzio By Region North / Center-West Northeast South Southeast Horacio Schneider João Lucas Marques Barbosa Gerhard Jacob Sérgio Henrique Ferreira FISCAL COUNCIL Erney Plessmann de Camargo Gerhard Jacob Jailson Bittencourt de Andrade Luiz Bevilacqua Sérgio Henrique Ferreira Percentage of women on the Brazilian Academy of Sciences Strong/weak points of your academy regarding gender issues Your country’s barriers to women’s education and careers in S&T Actions for WfS-WG Strong/weak points of your academy regarding gender issues Your country’s barriers to women’s education and careers in S&T Actions for WfS-WG The scientific and technological entrepreneurship must belong to all, independent of nationality, religious belief, social background, ethnicity, or sex. The Brazilian Academy of Sciences (BAS) decided to establish and fund a Women for Science Working Group. This WG will be holding its first meeting in the beginning of 2011 to discuss its objectives and working plan, and in the second semester of the coming year a national workshop will be organized, aiming the discussion of strategies for the sensitizing of the Brazilian scientific community to the need of promoting a more favorable environment for the participation of women in the areas of Science and Technology (S&T) in Brazil. Strong/weak points of your academy regarding gender issues Your country’s barriers to women’s education and careers in S&T Actions for WfS-WG One step by the BAS in the effort to collaborate more effectively in the development of a more inclusive environment for women in Brazilian science was the establishment of a partnership with L’Oreal –UNESCO Brazil in January 2006, when a national “For Women in Science” prize was launched. In June 2010, the BAS hosted the 7th Meeting of the National Focal Points of the Inter-American Network of Academies of Science (IANAS) Science Education Program in Rio de Janeiro. Understanding the shortcomings of traditional science education that affect girls and women, the meeting focused on gender issues in science education and discussed the empowerment of girls and women in S&T, and the role of the Academies in removing obstacles to this enterprise.