Number 4 - JUL / AUG / SEP 2013
Paper Cotton
ISSN 2182-7818
Living and Loving your Creative Self
Chocolate Box
Lunch Bag
ChocolateQuente XL
Paper and Cotton 1
We came to the 4th edition of the magazine, the most international of all
with regard to projects.
In the month of April took place the so awaited event Chocolate Quente
XL, and in the pages of this issue we present a report about it, as well as
the various projects of the 5 designers responsible for the workshops (Pete
Hughes – England; Tiffani Smith, Teresa Collins and Aime Filimoehala –
United States of America; Patricia Villas-Boas - Portugal).
You will get to know one very talented artist of Mixed Media Art, her name
is Mónica Mota, who teaches in detail how to make a canvas with this
technique of art, much appreciated in other countries, but still little known
in Portugal.
We present a new theme – bijoux, and a new collaborator, Andreia Ramires,
designer of her own brand of bijoux – Bis Now by AR, which shows us how to
make a beaded bracelet.
Our usual collaborators of sewing and patchwork, Paula and Margarida from
PanopraMantas, this time give us a Lunch Bag.
Editor: Carla Pimentel
General Director: Carla Pimentel
Photography: Paulo Pimentel,
Carla Pimentel
Marketing Director: Paulo Pimentel
Phone: 00 351 914535871
The friendly Elisa Barros, photographer of brazilian nationality, brings us two
delicious cooking suggestions, with a “Summer flavor”.
Finally you will know the care that you must have with your eyes to prevent
the effect of ultraviolet radiation on them.
Good vacation! Have Fun!
Magazine Design and Layout:
NU*DES • www.nu-des.pt
Contributors: PanopraMantas,
Mónica Mota, Elisa Barros - Frango
e Farofa, Andreia Ramires Bis-Now by AR, Tudo de Ensaio,
Ricardo Selas.
Owner: Paulo Pimentel
Avenida do Rosal, 131 H4
4470-111 Maia
[email protected]
ISSN 2182-7818
Copyright of all works, drawings
and diagrams.
Is prohibited to reproduce all
or part by any means without
express written permission of the
2 Paper and Cotton
Carla Pimentel
Editor’s Choices!
The interview with Mónica Mota “Moki” and her
magnificent Mixed Media Art project, that you can
try and surrender to this form of art!
Chocolate Quente XL - see photos of the event,
meet the 5 designers and the projects that each one
With the heat and the beautiful Sunny days, how
about making a Lunch Bag and enjoy a family
picnic? Do not miss this new suggestion of Atelier
Paper and Cotton 3
Paper and Cotton
Paper and Cotton
Paper and Cotton Bijoux
Paper and Cotton Scrapbooking
Editor’s Letter
Beaded Bracelet
Love you More
PAG: 2
PAG: 16
PAG: 28
Paper and Cotton
Paper and Cotton Mixed Media Art
Paper and Cotton Scrapbooking
Editor’s Choices
Spring Fairy
Stationary File Folder
PAG: 3
PAG: 19
PAG: 30
Paper and Cotton Cartonnage
Paper and Cotton Scrapbooking
Paper and Cotton Scrapbooking
Chocolate Box
Chocolate Quente XL
Secret Garden Box
PAG: 6
PAG: 24
PAG: 32
Paper and Cotton Scrapbooking
Paper and Cotton Scrapbooking
Paper and Cotton Interview
Mónica Mota “Moki”
PAG: 12
4 Paper and Cotton
My Favourite Things
Paper Flowers
PAG: 26
PAG: 36
Paper and Cotton Creative Sewing
Paper and Cotton Health
Lunch Bag
UV rays and their effects on
your eyes
PAG: 38
Paper and Cotton Cooking
Summer Trifle
PAG: 46
Paper and Cotton Travel
PAG: 42
PAG: 48
Paper and Cotton Cooking
Salad and pancake pie
Paper and Cotton Number
PAG: 44
New number
PAG: 54
On the cover a project
which you can find
on page 19
Paper and Cotton 5
Paper and Cotton
By: Carla Pimentel
6 Paper and Cotton
Chipboard box with 2,5mm:
• 1 base with 15x15 cm
• 2 sides with 15x3,5 cm
• 2 sides with 15,5x3,5 cm
Bottom, sides and lids chipboard with 2mm:
• 1 bottom 16x15,5 cm
• 2 sides with 16x3,5 cm
• 2 lids with 16x7,75 cm
Closure chipboard with de 2mm:
• Square with 5x5 cm
• Cut in the center of the square another square with 2 cm
Bristol cardstock:
• To cover the lids: 2 pieces with 7,4x15,8 cm
• To cover the inner sides of the box: 4 pieces with 14,7x3 cm
• To cover the bottom of the inside of the box: 1 piece with
14,5x14,5 cm
Paper for the 4 outer sides of the box:
• A strip with 68x6,5cm
Paper for the 4 inner sides of the box:
• 4 strips with 18x6 cm
Paper for the bottom of the inside of the box:
• Square with 16x16 cm
Paper to cover the hinges:
• 2 strips with 6,5x15,8 cm
Paper to cover bottom, sides and lids:
• 1 strip with 44x19 cm
Paper to the closure:
• 1 square with 6x6 cm
• 1 square with 5x5 cm
• 1 square with 3x3cm
• 1 square with 2x2cm
• Scraps to the corners of the inner square
Paper and Cotton 7
1 - To assemble the structure of the box, start by
gluing the 2 sides that have the same length as the
base, followed by the other 2, slightly larger. Use
contact glue.
2 - Apply adhesive kraft tape on the outside and
inside of the box, in all the joints of the cardstock to
reinforce, including the corners of the box.
3 - Glue the strip of paper that you’ve chosen for
the structure of the box all the way around, with
cartonnage glue. Leave top and bottom margins.
4 - Fold that margin over the bottom of the box. Cut
the corners as pictured. Glue with cartonnage glue.
5 - Repeat that step in the top edge of the box. Use a
folder to glue it well and to help you fold the paper.
6 - To glue the outside and the lids of the box
arrange your cardstocks over the paterned paper as
pictured. Glue with cartonnage glue.
8 Paper and Cotton
7 - Cut the corners of the paper with a triangle shape
and fold all the margins of paper over the cardstock
and glue it.
8 - Apply glue in the paterned paper rectangle and
cover the two smaller cardstocks and hinges.
9 - Cover the two rectangles of Bristol cardstock
com with paper equal to the base of the box. Cut the
corners, fold all the margins of the paper and glue it
over the cardstock.
10 - Glue these two rectangles covered with paper
on the lids of the box.
11 - Now you will do the same on the 4 rectangles
of the Bristol cardstock that will line the inside.
Attention: you should just fold and glue the margin
of paper of one side (the top side).
12 - Glue lined Bristol cardstock in the 4 inner sides
of the box. Fold the bottom edge of the paper into
the box base and glue it.
Paper and Cotton 9
13 - Line square of Bristol cardstock with paper all
the way around.
14 - Glue it over the inside bottom of the box.
15 - Glue the box structure on the outer coat with
contact glue.
16 - To make the closure cut a 2 cm square in the
centre of the 5 cm square. Line the inner corners of
the central opening with small pieces of paper.
17 - Line the chipboard with paper, leaving a small
margin to fold and glue the other side. In the central
square cut off the excess paper on “X” and fold the
triangles to the other side of the chipboard.
18 - Cut and glue a square of paper with a central
square opening to cover the other side of the
10 Paper and Cotton
19 - Glue the largest square in the margin of one of the lids, and the smallest centered on the other one.
Close the box and for 24 hours put it on a thick book to “take shape”. It is ready!
If you want t
o know where
to buy materi
al for this,
or any other
project of the
magazine , ple
ase send an
email to:
[email protected]
ndcotton .pt
Paper and Cotton 11
Paper and Cotton
Mónica Mota“Moki”
Interviewed by: Carla Pimentel to Paper and Cotton
I discovered Mónica through facebook, when earlier this year she
shared one of her projects while attending along with me, an online
course of Mixed Media Art. Caught my attention the portuguese name
among so many american names, but especially her wonderful work!
Later I sent her an invitation to participate in this issue of the magazine
and I was very glad that she accepted immediately!
I hope you get to know her and enjoy, as much as I do, her talent and
her fantastic projects.
12 Paper and Cotton
Paper and Cotton: Welcome to Paper and Cotton.
Mónica Mota: Thank you for the invitation, it is a
pleasure to participate in your project.
PC: Who is Mónica Mota (Moki)?
MM: I was born in Porto, I am married and mother of
two girls.
I’m graduated in Modern Languages and Literatures.
I’ve been working for 18 years in TAP (The Portuguese
Airline) as an air traffic controller and I’m an artist of
Mixed Media Art. I sign my paintings as Moki. It is my
nick name, all call me that at home, at work. Why not
in my art?
PC: How long do you dedicate to Mixed Media Art?
MM: About 2 years. I always loved arts and crafts. For
about 11 years I started painting in acrylic. The desire
to learn more led me to discover Mixed Media Art
through a Suzi Blus’s workshop. The “bug” was inside
me and I never stopped.
PC: You paint many girls. Is that your favorite
MM: Yes, my girls are my favorite subject. In them
I found my voice, my brand. Through them I can
transmit what is in my soul. I want my art to have
meaning, to inspire and to make you happy.
PC: Before starting any project do you usually
make sketches?
MM: I always have a sketchbook with me that I
take everywhere, because you never know when
inspiration will knock on the door.
PC: Did you have any formal training in arts or are
you a self-taught?
Paper and Cotton 13
PC: What is your favorite moment of the day (or of
the week) to do your projects?
MM: Although I prefer natural light, I don’t have
exactly a special moment to do my projects. The
moment is when the inspiration arises.
PC: What are your favorite colors?
MM: The colors I enjoy the most are aqua and red.
Aqua for reminding me of the Sea, that I love and red
because it is an intense color, the color of passion.
PC: With which materials do you like to work most?
MM: I like to paint on wooden canvas, for they are
harder than conventional. I use all kinds of paper
and I love the Multi-Medium Matte for my collages.
I prefer acrylic paints, the crayons and watercolor
pencils. I love stamps!
MM: I am a self-taught. All I know I learned in
workshops of Suzi Blu, Christy Tomlinson, Junelle
Jacobsen, Flora Bowley and also in many specialty
PC: To be a Mixed Media Artist is profession or
MM: For now it is just a hobby. Although I adore
aviation, I would like to be a full time artist.
PC: When was your etsyshop born? What kind of
items can we find there?
MM: My etsyshop was born in February, this year and
there you can find original paintings, art prints and
book markers.
14 Paper and Cotton
PC: Who are your sources of inspiration?
MM: As Frida Kahlo said “I paint myself because I’m
the subject I know best”. Many of my girls are inspired
by me, some in my daughters, in my friends, on
celebrities, in feelings, in all seasons of the year,...
PC: What is your favorite work ever (made by you)
and why?
MM: “The light in you” is my favorite painting.
Represents one of my life projects: being a full time
artist and that my art inspire and illuminate.
“Know the light that sparks in
you, so you can illuminate the
Paper and Cotton 15
Paper and Cotton
Beaded Bracelet
By: Andreia Ramires
Colored beads
Transparent beads
Bis-Now by AR
16 Paper and Cotton
Missangas coloridas
Missangas transparentes
1 - Cut about 1 meter of elastic. In the center
place 1 colored bead and on each side of this, 3
transparents, 1 colored and again 3 transparents.
2 - Entwine with 1 colored bead.
3 -Repeat steps 1 and 2 with the remaining elastic,
changing the color of the colored beads.
4 - You have to complete 9 to 12 entwines, according
to the size of your wrist.
5 - End with 3 transparent beads on each side of
the elastic. Pass the elastic through the first colored
bead and make a knot, followed by another knot
with two loops. Cut close the elastic.
6 - Make two equal bracelets.
Paper and Cotton 17
7 - Take another piece of elastic. In the center
place 1 colored bead and on each side of this, 3
transparents. Pass each end of the elastic through 1
colored bead of the bracelets you made before.
8 - Entwine the elastic with 1 colored bead.
9 - Repeat steps 7 and 8 until finish the junction of
the 2 bracelets.
10 - In the end make knots and hide the ends of the
elastic through the beads. Cut close and is ready!
18 Paper and Cotton
Paper and Cotton
Mixed Media Art
Spring Fairy
By: Moki
Paper and Cotton 19
-Wood canvas 20x25cm
-Various paterned papers
-Gel medium matte
-Various acrylic colors
-Ink stamps
-Various Faber Castell big brush pens
-Paper towel
-Watercolor pencils
Step 1 – Canvas preparation and patchwork collage
Brush a coat of gesso on your wood canvas. This will help the paper adhere to the surface. Cut your papers,
make your composition and adhere them to the background using gel medium. Cover the paper collage with
a coat of gel medium and let it dry.
Step 2 – Apply paint with brayer
Choose two acrylic colors (I chose turquoise and yellow Naples). Place them on your palette. Run the brayer
through the paint and roll it over your surface.While the paint is still wet, take a damp paper towel and wipe
away some areas of paint to allow the paterned paper to show thought. Keep in mind your composition and
make sure to add more saturated color around the edges. Let it dry.
20 Paper and Cotton
Step 3 – Texture
Choose another color (I used deep pink) and a stencil. Place your stencil on your surface and aply paint. This
will give more texture to the composition. Let it dry.
Step 4 – Facial features and hair
Sketch your girl with a pencil. Apply a coat of gesso to the face and neck. Let it dry. Mix a little white with
flesh acrylic color to paint the face and neck. While the paint is still wet apply a little of white to the areas
you want to highlight.
Paper and Cotton 21
Make the shadows with Faber Castell big brush pen cinnamon 189b or mix flesh and raw Sienna. Let it dry.
Use deep pink mixed with a little of white to do the cheeks. Use a bown watercolor pencil to outline the face,
neck, eyes and eyebrows, nose and mouth. Pick a color for the eyes.
With a pink watercolor pencil paint the mouth and hightlight it with a little of acrylic white.
Paint the hair with black acrylic. To embelish the hair I left the roses from my paper background and paint it
over with rose and white acrylic. This will give them more dimension.
Step 5 - The dress
Use the brown watercolor pencil to outline the arms and dress of your girl. Paint the arms with the same
colors from the face (flesh, raw sienna and white). Use a Faber Castell big Brush Penn (Ivory 103) to aply a
layer of ink to the dress, smudging here and there with your finger. Or you can apply a thin layer of paint over
the dress and smudge or blend it with a damp paper towel to better reveal some areas until you create the
effect you want. Paint the wings with white and use light grey to do the shadows.
22 Paper and Cotton
Paper and Cotton
Mixed Media Art
Step 6 – Add finish touches – stamps and rubons
Stamp randomly your composion, this will give more dimension, texture and interest.
To embelish choose some rubbons.
Paper and Cotton 23
Paper and Cotton
Took place in Porto, at the Holiday Inn Hotel, on
27 and 28 April 2013, the 5th National Meeting of
Scrapbooking and Cardmaking, organized by Tubo
de Ensaio, the only event of its kind taking place in
Portugal, and which aims to disseminate these two
branches of paper art.
This year was attended by 4 international designers,
Pete Hughes, from United Kingdom, representing
Sizzix, and three designers from United States
of America, Teresa Collins who presented a mini
album with material from her own brand of design,
Aime Filimoehala, from Graphic 45 (belonging to
her family), with a fantastic project that made the
delight of all and Tifanni Smith, with a mini album
with a line of her own papers, made by a well known
american brand of scrapbooking. Patricia VillasBoas, the owner of Tubo de Ensaio and extraordinary
organizer of this event, in turn, presented a fun
project, with the “taste” of summer.
One hundred participants took part, of all ages, from
juniors to seniors and this year also should be noted
the presence of many spanish crafters.
24 Paper and Cotton
These were two days full of projects, exchange ideas
and learn new techniques. I highlight the work with
the new Sizzix dies, and the amusing moments
in the company of Pete, trying to convince the
participants that the magnificent flowers that we
all managed to run in the end of his workshop, were
easier to do than they appeared initially!
During breaks of the several workshops there were
many moments of interaction between students
and designers. They made up new knowledge and
friendships and even exchanged emails and phone
numbers, which proves the good atmosphere and
fun that everyone involved had these two days.
At the end of the real “scrapbooking marathon”
although hands already tired, I think everyone was
in the mood for the next Chocolate Quente XL was
not just one year from now.
We have the photos and the projects to remember.
Congratulations to the organization and until next
Paper and Cotton 25
Paper and Cotton
My Favourite Things
Project of: Patricia Villas-Boas
Made by: Carla Pimentel
Patricia Villas Boas
Portuguese, mother of 4 children (her great source of
inspiration), has a passion for fabric and paper, and
she works hard to make projects of scrapbooking
and patchwork.
In 1998 created with her family the company
Tubo de Ensaio. Nowadays this company is
dedicated to import materials for scrapbooking,
being representative for Portugal of some of the
most important brands of papers and materials
26 Paper and Cotton
This company also has a retail store, 512 Ideias, and
a scrapbooking club, the Chocolate Quente.
In 512 Ideias you can do regularly workshops of
scrapbooking and cartonnage with this friendly
designer, who organized this event (Chocolate
Quente XL).
Patricia prepared a project with the papers,
cardstock stickers and some embellishments of
Maggie Holmes collection for the brand Crate Paper.
Paper and Cotton 27
Paper and Cotton
Love you More
Project of : Tiffani Smith
Made by: Carla Pimentel
Tiffani Smith
North american, married, mother of
six, she always enjoyed making “large
messes” with paper, scissors, fabric and
other crafty supplies she could get her
hands on.
She devoted herself to scrapbooking as
a relaxing therapy as her children were
growing. Meanwhile she started teaching
scrapbooking and recently she has
created products designed by her.
She participated in several editions of
28 Paper and Cotton
Chocolate Quente XL.
The project that she brought to this
edition has been elaborated with a line
of papers that she designed to the brand
Pebbles – Love You More, along with a
wood clipboard album with 2 d-rings,
created by Maggie Holmes, for Crate
Paper ( Maggie Holmes 6x9 Clipboard
Mini Album).
Paper and Cotton 29
Paper and Cotton
Stationary File Folder
Project of: Teresa Collins
Made by: Carla Pimentel
Teresa Collins
“I am the only one who can tell the
personal story of my life and family, and
scrapbooking has provided me a way to
accomplish that goal. Scrapbooking is
so much more than paper, scissors and
glue; it’s sharing your legacy.”
American designer, mother of seven, has
her own scrapbooking company – The
30 Paper and Cotton
Teresa Collins Designs and frequently
presents her ideas on TV, in a program
titled My Craft Channel.
She brought to Chocolate Quente a mini
album with her collections Stationary
notedTM and Far and awayTM.
Paper and Cotton 31
Paper and Cotton
Secret Garden Box
Project of : Aimee Filimoehala
Made by: Carla Pimentel
Aimee Filimoehala
Grew up in Utah as the fifth of six
children in her family. She attended the
University of Utah and earned her degree
in “Organizational Communication”.
Nearly five years later she joined Graphic
45, as Director of Marketing.
Graphic 45 is a company that creates
32 Paper and Cotton
vintage inspired crafting products and
was created by her mother.
Aimee brought to Chocolate Quente
a lovely project with Secret Garden
colection, a small box of drawers with
two mini albums.
Paper and Cotton 33
34 Paper and Cotton
Paper and Cotton 35
Paper and Cotton
Paper Flowers
Project of : Pete Hughes
Made by: Carla Pimentel
Pete Hughes
Sizzix designer Pete Hughes lives in town
of Llangollen in North Wales with is wife
and two children.
After leaving school, trained as an
illustrator, specialising in cartoons and
caricatures. He has worked for Ellison
since 2005, where he enjoys producing
projects for Uk and European magazines.
36 Paper and Cotton
He is also featured regularly on television
demontrating Sizzix products.
Pete brought to Chocolate Quente a
project of two boxes decorated with
flowers, made with the Susan’s Garden
Paper and Cotton 37
Paper and Cotton
Creative sewing
Lunch Bag
By: PanoPraMantas
38 Paper and Cotton
Main fabric and Lining fabric
To the outside and inside parts of the bag
2 rectangles 9” x 12 ½” (23 cm x 32cm) of each
To handles
2 rectangles 2” x 12 (5 cm x 30cm) of each fabric
Contrast fabric
Fusible wadding
To top band of the bag (green fabric in the picture)
Main bag – 1 x rectangle 17” x 12 ½ (22 x 32 cm)
4 rectangles 2 ¼ “ x 12 ½ “ (6 cm x 32 cm)
To bag cover (with cord)
Top band of the bag – 2 rectangles 2 ¼ “ x 12 ½ “
(6 cm x 32 cm)
2 rectangles 8” x 12 ½” (20 cm x 32 cm)
Handles – 2 x rectangles 2” x 12” (5 cm x 30 cm)
Seam allowance – ¼” (0,5 cm)
Cord and thread to match
1 - 1- Place the rectangles right sides together and
sew one of the long sides (the bottom seam).
Repeat with lining fabric.
2 - Unfold, press and open the seam and iron the
wadding onto the main fabric pieces.
3 -Position your bag pieces right sides together and
sew both sides.
Sew the lining pieces together in the same way.
4 - Box one bottom corner by pushing the bag out
so that the side seam matches the bottom seam
and form a triangle. Sew across the triangle at the
2” (5cm) point.
Paper and Cotton 39
5 -Trim the corner about 1 cm away from the seam.
Repeat for the other corner on both bags (main and
lining fabrics).
6 - Position your handle strips, right sides together
and sew down the long edge. Seam allowances
press open.
7 - Wrong side facing up. Align the wadding to
centre crease and press to adhere to fabric. Fold
each side to the middle, and then fold the seam in
order to make a strip.
8 - Top-stitch along the long edges in both sides of
the handles.
9 - Iron the fusible wadding in 2 of the 4 rectangles
of the contrast fabric. Right side up, measure 4”
(10 cm) from each side and make a mark.
10 - Position your handle ends over that marks and
sew to keep them in place. Now align the other
rectangle (the one without wadding), right sides
together, and sew along the top edge.
11 - Position the 2 strips made, right sides together
and sew each side seam in order to form a ring.
Turn right side out.
12 -Top-stitch along the top edge. Then sew close
the bottom edge to hold the fabrics together.
40 Paper and Cotton
13 - Position your top cover rectangles right sides
together and sew the shorter edges, leaving 2”
(5cm) to make the tube where the cord will pass.
14 - Open the seams and stitch down close to the
15 - Make the tube – fold the top edge 0,5 cm to the
inside, and then fold again till the point where the
side seams started. Top-stitch and pass the cord
inside the tube.
16 - Main bag with right side out. Place lining bag
inside the main bag, wrong sides facing together.
Align the top edges and sew all around.
17 - Place the bottom edge of the top band (side
without handles) around the top opening of
the bag. Align the edges and sew all around.
18 - Place the bag cover, right side facing the right
side of the bag, with the cord tube turned to the
bottom of the bag. Align the edges and sew all
19 - Congratulations! The lunch bag is almost
We advise to top-stitch all around the bag, close the
union of the main bag with the top band of the bag.
Thank you for doing this project with
If you have any doubt you can always contact us.
Vote of beautiful works!
Paper and Cotton 41
Paper and Cotton
Summer Trifle
By: Elisa Barros
Serving suggestion
42 Paper and Cotton
This trifle is an old recipe from my mom and is undoubtedly one of my favorites!
It’s simple, easy, quick, relatively inexpensive and very tasty! One trifle moist and that is
wonderful both in its classical version as in more elaborated versions, since it accepts seed
mix, chocolate, fruit, etc.
Serving suggestion
- 4 eggs (white and yolk separated)
(yolk to make the yellow cream; white to make whipped cream)
- 1 can of condensed milk
- 1 can measure with whole milk
- 1 vanilla beam or 2 tablespoons of vanilla extract
- 200g of champagne biscuits
- 1 cup of milk
- (I use 2/3 of milk and 1/3 of cognac)
- 2 tablespoons powdered chocolate
- 200 ml of cream
- 4 tablespoons of sugar
To make the yellow cream heat condensed milk, the same can measure of whole milk, egg yolks and vanilla.
Mix everything well and led to heat in a slow fire, until it acquires consistency of pudding. Put it in a platter to
serve and keep it in the fridge to cool a little and to gain a certain consistency.
Then soak the champagne biscuits in the milk mixed with powdered chocolate (I put a little bit of cognac to
have a more outstanding flavor). Let the biscuits acquire a little bit of milk humidity to become more soft.
I soak, leave about 20 seconds, turn the other side and leave more 20 seconds. But that is because I like the
trifle more “wet”. If you want it to be more firm, let the biscuits harder.
After accommodate the biscuits side by side over the yellow cream of condensed milk, you can improve
and put whatever you want…cherry, chocolate, anyway…you can vary a lot! But I don’t put anything more
because I LOVE the classic version and I think it is not owing anything!
Then you have to make the topping whipped cream. In a mixer beat the egg whites at a point not too firm.
Add sugar and cream. Mix enough to incorporate all.
You can use candies or chopped biscuits to decorate. Another option is to use a sieve and sprinkle cocoa or
powdered chocolate on top.
Paper and Cotton 43
Paper and Cotton
Salad and Pancake
By: Elisa Barros
This pie is delicious, and has the “face” of summer. It is great for lunch,
afternoon snack or dinner. And the best part is: it can be prepared in advance.
Actually it should be prepared prior to become very cool!
44 Paper and Cotton
For the Pancakes:
2 cups of milk
2 eggs
10 tablespoons of all-purpose flour
2 tablespoons of Parmesan cheese
Put all ingredients in a blender,
whisk and set aside for about 20
Whisk a little more just before you
will use it.
Grease a non stick frying pan with
two drops of oil (I use a brush to
spread) and pour enough batter
to cover the bottom of the pan.
Rotate the pan to spread the
batter and stay thin.
Make the pancakes and set aside.
This recipe yelds about 8-9
pancakes sized about 25 cm in
For the Salad:
1 feet of lettuce coarsely chopped
2 tomatoes diced very small
1 very large carrot, grated
1 apple chopped (you can replace by dried grapes or pineapple)
½ cup of peas (I use the frozen peas)
½ can of corn
Olive oil, mayonnaise, mustard and cream to taste.
Spices to taste (oregano, salt, pepper ...)
Shredded chicken, chopped ham or tuna (optional)
Whisk together all ingredients in a bowl and season with olive oil, oregano, salt and pepper. I usually put a
tablespoon of Dijon mustard, 4 tablespoons of sour cream and mayonnaise to bind. Mix carefully not to lose
too much fluid, as a salad should be creamy and not watery.
For this salad you may change the ingredients. I do so and I think it’s great!
Sometimes I don’t use any kind of meat and is delicious just the same way. You can use olives, peppers, etc.
Depends on the taste of those who will do/eat.
How to build the pie:
Arrange on a plate one pancake. Spread a teaspoon of ketchup of good quality and spread over the salad
(as pictured). Put over another pancake and repeat these steps until you have the height you want. Place in
the fridge for at least 2 hours to chill.
Paper and Cotton 45
Paper and Cotton
UV rays and their
effects on your eyes
By: Ricardo Selas*
*Operating room male nurse of Centro Hospitalar do Médio Ave - Unidade Santo Tirso
We´ve all heard about the damage the sun can
cause to our skin and how we should avoid
prolonged exposure to sunlight, in order to reduce
the risk of skin cancer. But, and to our vision?
It is also important to disclose the risks to eyes due
to this exposure.
It is reasonably established a relationship between
the development of eye problems, especially
cataracts, and exposure to ultraviolet radiation.
Almost all ocular tissue layers may be affected by
this radiation, which can damage both the short and
long term.
It is vital to protect our eyes from dangers of
overexposure to ultraviolet rays (UV).
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The Ultraviolets
UV rays, or more correctly, the UV radiation are part
of the spectrum of solar radiation, and with more
detail we distinguish three brands, UV-A, UV-B, UV-C,
in descending order of the wavelength.
The shorter the wavelength, the greater the
biological activity resulting from exposure.
However, only UV-A and UV-B reach the Earth’s
surface, as UV-C (less than 280 nanometres) are
absorbed by the ozone layer.
The UV-A that correspond to wavelengths between
315 and 400 nm are responsible for tanning and
perhaps skin aging and skin cancer.
The UV-B that correspond to wavelenths between
280 and 315 nm and to a greater energy are
responsible for sunburn and skin cancer.
Some problems of the eyes have been related to UV
exposure: photo keratitis, pterygium, cataracts and
macular degeneration.
Uv sources
UV protection
The sun is the major supplier of UV-radiation, but
care is needed with tanning lamps, welding tools,
lasers, among others.
Several factors influence the UV dose that we receive
from the sun. Clouds absorb visible light, but to a
lesser degree the ultraviolet light, and on a cloudy
day the amount of UV received can still be large
although you don’t feel the sunshine. The amount
of UV received is increased when reflected by snow
which reflects up to 80% of UV or by sand which
reflects up to 25% of UV light.
The amount of UV received increases with altitude,
this being a 4% increase every 300 meters above.
When the sun is higher less light is filtered and 50%
of UV are received between 11:00 a.m. and 2:00 p.m.
The eye and the UV
The UV-B radiation that reaches the eye is almost
completely absorbed by the cornea and the lens,
with some part also absorbed in the anterior
chamber by the aqueous humor, which implies that
can cause damage to these tissues but usually does
not affect the retina. If could reach there would have
great ability to cause damage. The UV-A radiation
has lower energy but penetrates deeper into the eye.
With 360nm is estimated that about half of UV-A
radiation that reaches the eye still reaches the lens,
being absorbed there , but even a small amount still
pass to the vitreous humor.
Since the effect of UV is cumulative, protection must
be done whenever an activity is developted outdoors,
on days that are not too cloudy. So the aim is to block
the UV preventing them to reach the eye.
Up to 10 years of age the eyes should be protected
with visors, broad-brimmed hat or cap, physical
barriers that block 50% of UV radiation.
The eyes of children are more sensitive than adults to
radiation and high-energy visible light because their
lenses are more transparent and less able to filter
these rays. They should wear sunglasses as soon as
their parents can convince them to use the sunglasses
on their outdoor activities. WHO recommends
maximum protection, which includes wearing glasses
when the UV index reaches 7. Not all sunglasses
have the same level of protection. A pair of effective
sunglasses must be able to block UV-A and UV-B.
Although all sunglasses block UV-B radiation, a good
pair should also block 99% to 100% of UV-A rays.
Choose large frame and lenses that are closer to the
eyes. To prevent sunlight reaching through the sides
of the sunglasses wear them with wide temples, very
trendy right now. The ordinary sunglasses, without
certified protection against UV-A/UV-B can cause
more damage to eyes than not using them. This
happens because the dark lenses of the glasses cause
dilation of the pupils, letting pass more UV-A rays that
cause damage to the retina and the eye lens.
Our body has the ability to repair and replace
damaged cells. However, the lens is an exception,
never being replaced. For this reason, symptoms can
occur gradually as result of damage accumulated
in the lens proteins. Good nutrition can also help to
protect your eyes. Lutein which is found in foods such
as curly kale, spinach, broccoli and many yellow or
orange fruits and vegetables works as an antioxidant
for the protection of cells. Helps prevent that harmful
blue light reaches the posterior sensitive retinal tissue,
causing damage. As your body responds to a healthy
diet, your eyes also benefit from a good nutrition.
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And its majestic Roman wall.
By: Carla Pimentel
Photos by: Carla Pimentel e Paulo Pimentel
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Lugo is one of the four provinces of
Has an important historical past and
architecture dating back to Roman times.
The old town is completely surrounded
by a Roman wall, intact, built about 260
This wall varies between 8 metres and
12 metres in thickness and at its highest
level the wall is about 12 metres tall.
The entire old town is pedestrianized,
so those arriving by car will have to park
outside the wall, in one of the several
public car parks available, near some of
the 10 gates of access to the interior of
the town.
The town has many streets, plazas and
small gardens to be visited. The plaza
“Maior”, the main town square is the
location of the City Hall, a baroque
building built in the mid-eighteenth
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century. This square is the perfect place
for a meal, a coffee or just relaxing in one
of its bars.
Lugo has a cathedral, a popular
destination for catholics and pilgrims
passing on their way to the city of
Santiago de Compostela, the principal
place of catholic pilgrimage of Galicia.
The cathedral has a combination of
romanesque, gothic, baroque and
neoclassical styling.
In the small piazza in front of the
cathedral sits the “Palácio Episcopal”, the
house of the Bishop, built in 1738 by “Gil
Taboada” and is also a baroque styling
building, with granite walls.
Don’t forget that Spanish take a break
after lunch for their “siesta” and till
4:00p.m. the cathedral and museums are
Lugo is not a big town as Corunha, Vigo
or Santiago de Compostela, but is also
lovely and worth a visit on a weekend
tour around Galicia.
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“Palácio Episcopal” - Bishop house
Lugo is a lovely city and
worth a visit on a weekend
tour around Galicia!
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Cathedral of Lugo
Lugo has an oceanic climate with cold
winter and mild summers.
Mean annual temperature of 12ºC
and heavy rainfall.
How to get there
By plane – the nearest airport is
Lavacolla in Santiago de Compostela.
By train – from other Spain cities.
By car - along the motorway AP-9
between Vigo and Corunha and then
A-6 to Lugo-Madrid or by N-640 from
Downtown Lugo 43º 01’N7º 33’O
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Living and Loving your Creative Self
The next edition, our 1st Anniversary, will be available from
October 2013.
- Halloween
- Christmas
- Ideas to decorate your home
- Image transfer onto fabric, canvas
and wood
- Many projects of Scrapbooking
- Creative sewing
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Happy Holidays!
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