PRESENT PERFECT SUJ + HAVE /HAS + vIII I II III (VERBOS IRREGULARES) VERBOS REGULARES (ED) SEGUNDO E TERCEIRA COLUNA SÃO IGUAIS • WORK • STUDY • PLAY - WORKED - STUDIED - PLAYED - WORKED - STUDIED - PLAYED NÃO CONFUNDA Present Perfect x Simple Past O Simple Past refere-se apenas a ações passadas que acabaram em um tempo definido no passado: I worked yesterday. (Simple Past) (EU TRABALHEI ONTEM) O Present Perfect pode expressar ações passadas que acabaram em um tempo não definido no passado ou ações que ainda não terminaram: I have worked hard. (Present Perfect) (EU TRABALHEI BASTANTE) (EU TENHO TRABALHADO BASTANTE) Não use com datas dizendo quando aconteceu. • Veja a diferença: • Present Perfect: • My family has traveled to London. • Simple Past: • My family traveled to London in 2005. • Quando usar o Present Simple: 1- Ações que acabaram de acontecer. (JUST = RECÉM, HÁ POUCO, ACABOU DE...) They have just left. (Eles acabaram de sair). Jane has just made the lunch. (Jane acabou de preparar o almoço). 2 – EXPERIÊNCIAS E REALIZAÇÕES SEM DATA FINAL (APENAS INICIAL). SINCE (DESDE DE), FOR (HÁ, FAZ) - I have worked at La Salle for 1 year. (Eu trabalho no La Salle faz 1 ano). - I have worked at La Salle since 2013. (Eu trabalho no La Salle desde 2013). - She has travelled to London twice. - (ela viajou para Londres duas vezes) 3- Ações que começaram no passado e e têm resultado no presente. - I have exercised, so I am stronger now. (Eu tenho me exercitado, então eu estou mais forte agora). - I know how to use a camera because I have done a course (eu sei usar uma câmera pois eu fiz um curso) 4- Ações que ocorreram em um tempo não determinado (indefinido) no passado. • I have been to the U.S.A. (Eu estive nos E.U.A.) • She has traveled to England. (Ela viajou para a Inglaterra). • You have made a delicious apple pie. (Você fez uma torta de maçã deliciosa). OBS: SE HOUVER DATA USAMOS O SIMPLE PAST (SHE TRAVELD TO ENGLAND IN 2001) FORMA POSITIVA Sujeito + have/has + III + complemento Susan has been to England. (Susan esteve na Inglaterra). We have studied a lot for the test. (Nós temos estudado bastante para a prova) III • He has broken his leg. • (Ele quebrou a perna.) • We have bought new clothes. • (Nós compramos roupas novas.) HAVE/HAS + III 1. Peter _________(steal) my trainers! 2. I _________(buy) this magazine. 3. We ______ (write) three pages this afternoon. ANSWERS • 1. Peter has stolen (steal) my trainers! • 2. I have bought (buy) this magazine. • 3. We have written (write) three pages this afternoon. HAVE/HAS + III • 1. You _________(ask) that question three times so far. • 2. My daughter _________(have) a boyfriend for 2 months. • 3. I _________(be) interested in technology since last year. ANSWERS • 1. You have asked (ask) that question three times so far. • 2. My daughter has had (have) a boyfriend for several months. • 3. I have been (be) interested in technology since last year. • 1. I ___________(drink) some tea. • 2. She _________(live) in Warsaw for two years. • 3. I ____________ (see) this film before. FORMA INTERROGATIVA: HAVE/HAS + SUJ + III • Have you already talked to your boss? • (Você já falou com o seu chefe?) • Have they lived in Amsterdam? • (Eles moraram em Amsterdã?) • Has he found his wallet? • (Ele encontrou a carteira dele?) • Have you ever been in the United States? • (Você ja esteve nos Estados Unidos?) MUDE A AFIRMATIVA PARA A INTERROGATIVA (HAVE/HAS + SUJ + III) • 1. I have eaten an apple • 2. You have bought some bread. • 3. He has travelled a lot. • 4. We have been to London. • 5. They have lost their dog ANSWERS • 1. Have I eaten an apple? • 2. Have you bought some bread? • 3. Has he travelled a lot? • 4. Have we been to London? • 5. Have they lost their dog? - FORMA NEGATIVA: SUJ + HAVE/HAS NOT + III HAVEN´T / HASN´T • They have not heard what I've told. • (Eles não escutaram o que eu falei.) • You have not eaten anything so far. • (Você não comeu nada até agora.) • We have not done our homework. • (Não fizemos nossa lição de casa.) COMPLETAR AS FRASES HAVE/HAS+ not + III • 1. She _____ (not/see) her son for a long time. • 2. I _________ (not/revise) my lessons. • 3. The children ______ (not/eat) anything. • 4. Emilio ______ (not/speak) to the boss. HAS NOT = HASN’T HAVE NOT = HAVEN´T • 1. She has not seen her son for a long time. • 2. I have not revised my lessons. • 3. The children have not eaten anything. • 4. Emilio has not spoken to the boss. MUDE A AFIRMATIVA PARA A NEGATIVA (SUJ + HAVEN´T – HASN´T + III) • 1. I have eaten an apple • 2. You have bought some bread. • 3. He has travelled a lot. • 4. We have been to London. • 5. They have lost their dog ADVÉRBIOS DE TEMPO • • • • • • • ALREADY = JÁ (+) JUST = RECÉM YET = AINDA (-), JÁ (?) NEVER = NUNCA (+) EVER = JÁ (?) SINCE (DESDE) SEGUIDO POR UMA DATA FOR (HÁ, POR, FAZ) SEGUIDO POR UM PERÍODO DE TEMPO EXAMPLES • • • • • • • Since 1960, Since yesterday. For six days, For a long time. I have just gone out. I haven't finished yet. I have already finished. He has never seen a snake. I have always written with my right hand. HAVE/ HAS + III • 1. She ________ (to stop) smoking since the birth of her baby. • 2. He ______ (to be) in the Navy for two years. • 3. She ________ (to become) jealous since the birth of her brother. • 4. They _______ (never / tell) the truth. • 5. My teacher _______ (always / help) me to improve my level. ANSWERS • 1. She has stopped (to stop) smoking since the birth of her baby. • 2. He has been (to be) in the Navy for two years. • 3. She has become (to become) jealous since the birth of her brother. • 4. They have never told (never / tell) the truth. • 5. My teacher has always helped(always / help) me to improve my level. Exam pre answers • 1. You [No answer] have asked (ask) that question three times so far. • 2. My daughter [No answer] has had (have) a boyfriend for several months. • 3. I [No answer] have been (be) interested in computer technology since last year. • 4. My parents [No answer] have been (be) married for 25 years. • 5. I [No answer] have read (read) it but I don't understand it. • 6. He [No answer] has been (be) in the army for two years. • 7. I [No answer] have already drunk (already / drink) some tea. • 8. She [No answer] has lived (live) in Warsaw for two years. • 9. I [No answer] have never seen (never / see) this film before. • 10. The police [No answer] have arrested (arrest) two dangerous criminals. • 1. My neighbour [No answer] has just bought a new car. (to buy / just) • 2. My cousins [No answer] haven't decided where to go on holiday, perhaps in England. (not to decide) • 3. Alex [No answer] has gone to the cinema with his girlfriend. (to go) • 4. I [No answer] have seen 'the good, the bad and the ugly ' : I like it (to see) • 5. [No answer] have you ever been to France ? (to be / you / ever) • 6. Julien [No answer] has just met his friend. (to meet / just) • 7. Recently, we [No answer] have had many parties with our friends. (to have) • 8. What [No answer] have you done during the holidays? (to do / you) • 9. He [No answer] has never worked (never/ to work) • 10. [No answer] Have you already finished (finish / already / you) ? • 2. Roy [No answer] has just finished (finish-just) repairing the washing-machine,you can use it now. • 3. His worst memory: when he [No answer] had (have) to swim in the North Seas. • 6. What is the most frightening experience [No answer] you have ever had (you-have-ever) ? • 7. Many students in my class [No answer] have already travelled (travel-already) abroad. • 8. I [No answer] have never stolen (steal-never) anything in my life.