dossiê MOBILIDADE
PRINCÍPIOS, DIRETRIZES E OBJETIVOS DA
LEI Nº 12.587/2012: POR UM PACTO SOCIAL
EM PROL DA MOBILIDADE URBANA
-RmR$OHQFDU2OLYHLUD-~QLRU1
Preâmbulo
Doutor em Engenharia de Transportes pela
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ).
Analista de Infraestrutura (Ministério de Planejamento, Orçamento e Gestão – MP; Secretaria
de Planejamento e Investimentos Estratégicos
– SPI); Gerente de Projeto (Ministério das
Cidades – MCidades; Secretaria Nacional de
Transporte e da Mobilidade Urbana – SeMob).
E-mail: <[email protected]>; <[email protected]
cidades.gov.br>.
1
18
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Revista UFG / Julho 2012 / Ano XIII nº 12
PRINCÍPIOS, DIRETRIZES E OBJETIVOS DA LEI Nº 12.587/2012
. dossiê MOBILIDADE
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HPLWLURSLQLmRVREUHDVSURSRVWDVGHDOWHUDomRHSDUWLFLSDUGHUHXQLmRHP
GHPDLRGHFRPRVFRQVHOKHLURVQDFLRQDLVPHPEURVGR&078GRTXDO
SDUWLFLSDUDPPHPEURVGD6H0RE9LGD%UDVLOHQWLGDGHQmRJRYHUQDPHQWDO$VVRFLDomR1DFLRQDOGRV7UDQVSRUWHV3~EOLFRV$VVRFLDomR1DFLRQDOGDV(PSUHVDV
GH7UDQVSRUWHV8UEDQRV)UHQWH1DFLRQDOGH3UHIHLWRV)13HD&RQIHGHUDomR
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Revista UFG / Julho 2012 / Ano XIII nº 12
19
dossiê MOBILIDADE .
PRINCÍPIOS, DIRETRIZES E OBJETIVOS DA LEI Nº 12.587/2012
MXOJDPRVTXHPDLVGHGDVDOWHUDo}HVVXJHULGDVSHOR&RQ&LGDGHV0&LGDGHV
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PDQLIHVWRXD&RPLVVmRGH&LGDGDQLDH-XVWLoD²&&-HPSDUHFHUGHUHODWRULD
GR6HQDGRU5HQDQ&DOKHLURVFRPWH[WRÀQDODSURYDGRHPVHJXLQGR
SDUDVDQomRHYHWRGD3UHVLGrQFLDGD5HS~EOLFDVHQGRRWH[WRSURPXOJDGRQD
IRUPDGDOHLQžGHGHMDQHLURGHTXHSDVVDPRVDGLVFXWLU
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YH]TXHLQFRUSRUDDGLPHQVmRWHUULWRULDORXVHMDFDEHDRPXQLFtSLRFRQVLGHUDU
RSODQHMDPHQWRGDPRELOLGDGHQmRDSHQDVGDiUHDXUEDQDGDVHGHPXQLFLSDOPDV
VXDLQWHUUHODomRFRPVXDVVXEXQLGDGHVWHUULWRULDLV²RVGLVWULWRV²SULQFLSDOPHQWH
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20
Revista UFG / Julho 2012 / Ano XIII nº 12
PRINCÍPIOS, DIRETRIZES E OBJETIVOS DA LEI Nº 12.587/2012
. dossiê MOBILIDADE
QRVSODQRVGLUHWRUHVRSODQHMDPHQWRTXHLQFRUSRUHWRGRWHUULWyULRPXQLFLSDO
VHQGRPDLVFRPXPSODQHMDUDVHGHPXQLFLSDOEHPFRPRRWHPDGDPRELOLGDGH
XUEDQDVHUGHYLGDPHQWHFRQWHPSODGRQDFRPSOH[LGDGHTXHRWHPDUHTXHU2XWUR
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GD&LGDGHDUWž,,/HLQžpRSOHQRDWHQGLPHQWRDRSULQFtSLRGD
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TXHGHYHUmRHVWDURUJDQL]DGDVFRRUGHQDGDVHLQWHJUDGDVHQWUHVLDVVLPFRPR
RVVHUYLoRVHDVLQIUDHVWUXWXUDVGHGLFDGDVDRGHVORFDPHQWRGHSHVVRDVHFDUJDV
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QmRH[DXVWLYRXPDYH]TXHDOpPGHVVDVRVGHPDLVHQWHVIHGHUDWLYRVSRGHUmR
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Princípios da Mobilidade Urbana
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Revista UFG / Julho 2012 / Ano XIII nº 12
21
dossiê MOBILIDADE .
PRINCÍPIOS, DIRETRIZES E OBJETIVOS DA LEI Nº 12.587/2012
WUDQVSRUWHS~EOLFRFROHWLYRGHÀFLrQFLDHÀFiFLDHHIHWLYLGDGHQRWUDQVSRUWHS~EOLFR
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QRVHQWLGRGHLQWHJUDUSROtWLFDVTXHKLVWRULFDPHQWHIRUDPHDLQGDVmRLGHDOL]DGDV
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22
Revista UFG / Julho 2012 / Ano XIII nº 12
PRINCÍPIOS, DIRETRIZES E OBJETIVOS DA LEI Nº 12.587/2012
. dossiê MOBILIDADE
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PRWRUL]DGRV$FUHVFHQWDTXHGHQWUHHVVHVH[LVWHDSUHIHUrQFLDGRWUDQVSRUWHS~EOLFRFROHWLYRVREUHRLQGLYLGXDOSRU
DXWRPyYHO1mRVHWUDWDDSHQDVGXPDWHQGLPHQWRjVUHJUDV
GHFLUFXODomRGHWUkQVLWRPDVDJRUDFRPDOHLGDPRELOLGDGH
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H GH ÀQDQFLDPHQWRV GHYHP VHU GHVWLQDGRV DR WUDQVSRUWH
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HPLVVmRGHJDVHVGHHIHLWRORFDO*(/VHHVWXID*((VSRU
IRQWHPyYHOpRDXWRPyYHOSRLVXPDYH]DSURSULDGRVQmR
SRGHPGHL[DUGHDWHQGHUDRPrincípio da EquidadeDSOLFDGRj
PRELOLGDGHXUEDQDRXVHMDDPLWLJDomRGHRUGHPDPELHQWDO
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IgualdadeTXHQDFRQFHLWXDomRGDHTXLGDGHVLJQLÀFDWUDWDURV
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3URSXJQD TXH R WUDQVSRUWH S~EOLFR GHYH DVVXPLU R SDSHO
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H OD]HU EHP FRPR RV GHPDLV GLUHLWRV LQVFULWRV QD RUGHP
Revista UFG / Julho 2012 / Ano XIII nº 12
23
dossiê
MOBILIDADE
.
PRINCÍPIOS, DIRETRIZES E OBJETIVOS DA LEI Nº 12.587/2012
MXUtGLFDDWHQGLGRVFRQHFWDGRVHLQWHUOLJDGRVSRUXPDUHGH
GH WUDQVSRUWHV PXOWLPRGDLV TXH RSHUHP HP FRQVRQkQFLD
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SRVLWLYDGRVQDOHLQž
Objetivos da Mobilidade Urbana
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GHRSRUWXQLGDGHVSRUPHLRGHXPDSROtWLFDGHPRELOLGDGH
XUEDQDGHYHUiLQDXJXUDUDPSODGLVFXVVmRFRPDVRFLHGDGH
HPFDGDHQWHIHGHUDWLYRHPHVSHFLDOQRVPXQLFtSLRVDTXH
FDEHHIHWLYDUDVSROtWLFDVGHWUDQVSRUWHVS~EOLFRVHRFXVWHLR
GD PRELOLGDGH H DFHVVLELOLGDGH XUEDQD$ GLVFXVVmR GHYHUi
WDPEpPHVWDUFHQWUDGDQRVPHFDQLVPRVGHÀQDQFLDPHQWR
GD PRELOLGDGH SDUWLFXODUPHQWH SHOR IDWR GD H[LVWrQFLD GH
RXWURVEHQHÀFLiULRVGHXPVLVWHPDGHPRELOLGDGHXUEDQDH
QmRDSHQDVDTXHOHVXVXiULRVGLUHWRVGRWUDQVSRUWHS~EOLFR
3RUWDQWRFRPRLQFOXLURXWURVEHQHÀFLiULRVGHXP6LVWHPD
GH0RELOLGDGH8UEDQDQRFXVWHLRGHVXDFRQVWUXomRPDQXWHQomRHRSHUDomR"
1mRVHSRGHHVSHUDUTXHDPHOKRULDGDDFHVVLELOLGDGHH
GDPRELOLGDGHXUEDQDDUWž,,,OHLQžQDVFLGDGHVEUDVLOHLUDVGHYDVHUFXVWHDGDDSHQDVSHORVVHXVXVXiULRV
GLUHWRV&DEHDRFRQMXQWRGDVRFLHGDGHDSRQWDUDVVROXo}HV
SDUD D PRELOLGDGH XUEDQD HP FDGD ORFDOLGDGH TXH VHMDP
FRPSDWtYHLVFRPDVFDUDFWHUtVWLFDVORFDLVUHVSHLWDQGRVHR
H[HUFtFLRGDSDUWLFLSDomRHFRQWUROHVRFLDOQDGLVFXVVmRGD
3ROtWLFD0XQLFLSDOGH0RELOLGDGH8UEDQD²308TXDQGRRV
FLGDGmRVVHUmRFKDPDGRVDSDFWXDUXPDPRELOLGDGHXUEDQD
GHWRGRVHSDUDWRGRVHQmRDSUHGRPLQkQFLDGRLQWHUHVVH
individual, que busca resolver individualmente sua mobilidade
24
Revista UFG / Julho 2012 / Ano XIII nº 12
PRINCÍPIOS, DIRETRIZES E OBJETIVOS DA LEI Nº 12.587/2012
. dossiê MOBILIDADE
SHOD DGRomR GR WUDQVSRUWH LQGLYLGXDO PRWRUL]DGR TXH Mi VH PRVWURX
LQVXVWHQWiYHOQRPpGLRHORQJRSUD]R$SHQDVDSDUWLUGHVVHSDFWRVRFLDO
VHUiSRVVtYHODVVHJXUDUTXHDPRELOLGDGHXUEDQDVHMDLQVWUXPHQWRGHSURPRomRDRDFHVVRDRVVHUYLoRVEiVLFRVHHTXLSDPHQWRVVRFLDLVFRQIRUPH
HVWDEHOHFHRDUWLJRž,,GDOHLQžEHPFRPRDIUXLomRGRV
GLUHLWRVVRFLDLVMiSRVLWLYDGRVQRDUWLJRžGD&RQVWLWXLomR)HGHUDODLQGD
DXVHQWHRGLUHLWRjPRELOLGDGHXUEDQD
2SDSHOGDPRELOLGDGHXUEDQDHQTXDQWRHOHPHQWRLQGXWRUGDPRELOLGDGHVRFLDOpXPGRVREMHWLYRVLPSOtFLWRVGDSROtWLFDGHPRELOLGDGHXUEDQD
GHYHQGRVHUDVVLPFRPSUHHQGLGDSHORVGHPDLVHQWHVIHGHUDWLYRVTXDQGR
GRHVWDEHOHFLPHQWRGHSURJUDPDVHDo}HVGHJRYHUQRTXHGHHPFRQFUHWXGHDWDOREMHWLYRSRLVVRPHQWHDVVLPHVWDUtDPRVFRQFRUGDQGRFRPR
SURQXQFLDPHQWRGR([3UHVLGHQWH/XODTXDQGRYHUVRXVREUHRWHPDDR
GHIHQGHURSDSHOGDPRELOLGDGHXUEDQDQDSURPRomRGDPRELOLGDGHVRFLDO
SRUYLDELOL]DURDXPHQWRGDVRSRUWXQLGDGHVHGDUHQGDQHVVHVHQWLGRvide
2OLYHLUD-~QLRU-$H2FKDPDPHQWRGHWRGRVSRUPHLRGRV
LQVWUXPHQWRVGHFRQVROLGDomRGDJHVWmRGHPRFUiWLFDSUHFRQL]DGRSHOR
DUWLJRž9GDOHLQžSDUDDFRQVWUXomRGHXPDPRELOLGDGH
SDUD WRGRV REULJDUi D PHOKRULD QD LQIUDHVWUXWXUD H VHUYLoRV XUEDQRV
GLVSRQLELOL]DGRVjSRSXODomRUHTXDOLÀFDQGRRVSDUDRDWHQGLPHQWRGRV
DWULEXWRVGHDFHVVLELOLGDGHHPRELOLGDGHXUEDQDDWpHQWmRFRQVLGHUDGRVQDV
SROtWLFDVGHWUDQVSRUWHVXUEDQRVVHPDSUHRFXSDomRPDLVDPSODGHTXHD
PRELOLGDGHXUEDQDQmRVHUHVWULQJHDRWUDQVSRUWHS~EOLFRGHSDVVDJHLURV
PDVDEUDQJHWRGDVDVPRGDOLGDGHVGHWUDQVSRUWHVPRWRUL]DGRVRXQmR
2DWHQGLPHQWRDRGHVHQYROYLPHQWRVXVWHQWiYHODUWLJRž,9GDOHLQž
GHYHQmRDSHQDVDWHQGHUDRDUWLJRGD&RQVWLWXLomR)HGHUDOPDVWDPEpPHVWDUDOLQKDGRFRPD3ROtWLFD1DFLRQDOVREUH0XGDQoD
GR&OLPDOHLQžTXHGDPHVPDIRUPDHVWDEHOHFHSULQFtSLRV
REMHWLYRVGLUHWUL]HVHRVLQVWUXPHQWRVGDVSROtWLFDVS~EOLFDVHSURJUDPDV
JRYHUQDPHQWDLVTXHGHYHUmRHVWDUFRPSDWLELOL]DGRVFRPRVUHVSHFWLYRV
SULQFtSLRVREMHWLYRVGLUHWUL]HVHLQVWUXPHQWRVGD3ROtWLFD1DFLRQDOVREUH
0XGDQoD GR &OLPD7DO UHODomR GH QH[R FDXVDO HQWUH DV GXDV SROtWLFDV
QDFLRQDLVPRELOLGDGHXUEDQDHPXGDQoDGRFOLPDVLJQLÀFDUiRFRPSOHWR
DWHQGLPHQWR DR GLVSRVWRQRcaput GR DUWLJR GD OHL Qž Revista UFG / Julho 2012 / Ano XIII nº 12
25
dossiê MOBILIDADE .
PRINCÍPIOS, DIRETRIZES E OBJETIVOS DA LEI Nº 12.587/2012
TXDQGRGDHODERUDomRGDVSROtWLFDVHSODQRVPXQLFLSDLV
GHPRELOLGDGHXUEDQDTXHGHYHUmRHVWDURULHQWDGRVSHOD
HVWUDWpJLD GH´PLWLJDomR H GH DGDSWDomR jV PXGDQoDV
FOLPiWLFDVYLVDQGRjFRQVROLGDomRGHXPDHFRQRPLDGH
EDL[RFRQVXPRGHFDUERQRQRWUDQVSRUWHS~EOLFR
XUEDQRµFRQIRUPHH[LJLGRQRSDUiJUDIR~QLFRGRPHVPR
DUWLJRGD/HLQž6DOLHQWDVHTXHQmRDSHQDVRV3ODQRV0XQLFLSDLVGH0RELOLGDGH8UEDQD²308V
GHYHUmR HVWDU FROLPDGRV D WDO HVWUDWpJLD GH GHVHQYROYLPHQWR QDFLRQDO PDV WDPEpP TXDLVTXHU SURJUDPDV
JRYHUQDPHQWDLVGHOLQHDGRVQRkPELWRGR0LQLVWpULRGDV
&LGDGHVRXHPTXDOTXHURXWURHQWHIHGHUDWLYRGHYHQGR
HVWDULQWHJUDOPHQWHFROLPDGRVFRPD3ROtWLFD1DFLRQDO
GH0RELOLGDGH8UEDQD/HLQžHD3ROtWLFD
1DFLRQDOVREUH0XGDQoDGR&OLPD/HLQž
A guisa de conclusão
(VSHUDVHTXHFRPDDPSOLDomRGRVUHFXUVRVGHVWLQDGRVjPRELOLGDGHXUEDQDSURYHQLHQWHVGHUHFXUVRV
RUoDPHQWiULRVRXGHYLGRDRDXPHQWRQDEDVHGHÀQDQFLDPHQWRSHODFRQWULEXLomRGRVEHQHÀFLiULRVLQGLUHWRV
VHMDSRVVtYHODGRWDUWHFQRORJLDVDPELHQWDOPHQWHDPLJDV
GRFOLPD3RUVHUHPPDLVRQHURVDVHPWHUPRVGHDTXLVLomRHRSHUDomRSRGHUmRLPSDFWDURYDORUÀQDOGDWDULID
FREUDGDGRXVXiULRGLUHWR3RUWDQWRSDUDVHHYLWDUWDO
LQLTXLGDGHHHPDWHQGLPHQWRDRVSULQFtSLRVGDHTXLGDGH
HGDLJXDOGDGHHVVHVDXPHQWRVGHYHPVHUFRUUHWDPHQWH
DSURSULDGRVSDUDTXHDVROXomRDPELHQWDOQRWUDQVSRUWH
S~EOLFR QmR UHFDLD DSHQDV VREUH DTXHOHV TXH PHQRV
SRGHPDUFDUFRPRVFXVWRVGRVDYDQoRVWHFQROyJLFRV
HPSUROGDVXVWHQWDELOLGDGHHGDPLWLJDomRGDVPXGDQoDV
FOLPiWLFDV1HVVHYLpVDGYRJDVHTXHDHTXDOL]DomRGRV
FXVWRVGDVROXomRDPELHQWDOSRUWHFQRORJLDVDPLJDVGR
FOLPDVHMDWDPEpPFRPSUHHQGLGDHQTXDQWRPHGLGDGH
26
Revista UFG / Julho 2012 / Ano XIII nº 12
PRINCÍPIOS, DIRETRIZES E OBJETIVOS DA LEI Nº 12.587/2012
. dossiê MOBILIDADE
DGDSWDomRjVPXGDQoDVFOLPiWLFDVDERUGDJHPQmRSDFtÀFD
no setor ambiental) visando restabelecer o equilíbrio e a
HTXLGDGHVRFLDOUHVXOWDQWHGRHVIRUoRFROHWLYRSDUDDVROXomR
GRDTXHFLPHQWRJOREDOHGDVPXGDQoDVGRFOLPD
$DPSOLDomRGDGLVFXVVmRVREUHPRELOLGDGHQDVFLGDGHV
SRUPHLRGDPDLRUSDUWLFLSDomRVRFLDOSHUPLWLUiVHXDYDQoR
FRQWtQXR H LQWHUJHUDFLRQDO SHUPLWLQGR DVVLP TXH R WHPD
PRELOLGDGH XUEDQD SRVVD VHU XPD SROtWLFD S~EOLFD SHUHQH
DEUDQJHQGRRVWUrVQtYHLVGHFLVyULRVGD5HS~EOLFDHTXHP
VDEHSRVVDPRVDVVHJXUDUSDUDDPRELOLGDGHXUEDQDRstatusGHGLUHLWRVRFLDOLQVFXOSLGRQD&RQVWLWXLomR)HGHUDOQR
VHXDUWLJRžFRQIRUPHVHGHIHQGHHP2OLYHLUD-~QLRU-$
H
'HVWDPDQHLUDFRQYRFRSDUDFRQKHFHUDOHLQž
DRPHVPRWHPSRHPTXHLQVWLJRRGHEDWHVREUHHVVHVWHPDV
HPVXDFLGDGHSDUDDVVHJXUDUTXHDH[HPSORGRWHPDGDV
PXGDQoDV GR FOLPD D PRELOLGDGH XUEDQD QmR VHMD PRGD
SDVVDJHLUDHVHSRVVDFREUDUGRVJHVWRUHVS~EOLFRVDHIHWLYD
LPSODQWDomRGRVSULQFtSLRVGLUHWUL]HVHREMHWLYRVGD3ROtWLFD
de Mobilidade Urbana em cada um dos recantos do nosso
LPHQVRSDtVTXHFUHVFHHVHWUDQVIRUPDHPXPSDtVGHVHQYROYLGRHVHPPLVpULDHTXHSDUDID]HUIUHQWHDRGHVDÀRGH
VHGHVHQYROYHUGHYHSRVVXLUXPDPRELOLGDGHXUEDQDLQFOXVLYD
H VXVWHQWiYHO HP QRVVDV FLGDGHV FRPSDWtYHO FRP R status
GH SDtV ULFR H VHP PLVHUiYHLV (P UD]mR GD DPSOLWXGH GR
WHPDHGDHVFDVVH]GHHVSDoRSDUDDERUGDUWRGRVRVSRQWRV
UHOHYDQWHVFRPSURPHWRPHDGLVFRUUHUPDLVVREUHDOHLQž
HPRXWUDRSRUWXQLGDGH
Referências
OLIVEIRA JÚNIOR, J. A. Direito à Mobilidade Urbana: a
construção de um direito social. Revista dos Transportes Públicos,
n. 127, p. 63-75, Ano 33, São Paulo. Disponível em: <http://issuu.
com/efzy/docs/rtp2011-127/1?mode=a_p>.
Revista UFG / Julho 2012 / Ano XIII nº 12
27
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PRINCÍPIOS, DIRETRIZES E OBJETIVOS DA LEI Nº 12.587/2012