Na#onal Ins#tute of Photonics Science and Technology for Op#cal Communica#ons Ins#tuto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia Fotônica para Comunicações Óp#cas University-Industry Interaction:
The Case of
Optical Communications in Brazil
Prof. Hugo Fragnito
INCT–FOTONICOM – Director
Instituto de Física Gleb Wataghin, Unicamp, Campinas, SP, Brazil
Prof. Hugo Fragnito; 29/05/15 [1] Campinas:
1.1 million people
US$ 17 Billion GDP (PPP)
Tmin/Tmax = 12.3 / 30.0 ºC
80 km from São Paulo City
Prof. Hugo Fragnito; 29/05/15 [2] 29/05/15, 22 Prof. Hugo Fragnito; 29/05/15 [3] 29/05/15, 33 UNICAMP 4 University of Campinas UNIVERSIDADE ESTADUAL DE CAMPINAS hPp://www.aeplan.unicamp.br/anuario/2014/filipeta2014_ing.pdf Data base 2013 Established 05/Oct/1966 Budget US$ 1.23 Billion Faculty 1,795 (99% PhD) Total employees 10,013 Undergrad students 18,338 Graduate students
16,195 Master deg. awarded 1,310 Doctorate theses
946 Patents requested 75 Ar[cles (ISI WoS) 3,149 Prof. Hugo Fragnito; 29/05/15 [5] Pre-­‐History 1966 Founda[on of UNICAMP (State University of Campinas) 1972 Three former researchers from Bell Laboratories, Sérgio Porto, José Ripper, and Rogério Cerqueira Leite, arrive at Unicamp with a visionary plan 1973 A Program on Op[cal Communica[ons Development is proposed to Telebras (the holding of the telecommunica[ons monopoly in Brazil). It comprised 3 projects for the development and fabrica[on of: 1. Op[cal Fibers 2. Semiconductor Diode Lasers 3. Integrated Op[cal Devices 1974 The Op[cal Communica[ons Program is signed (started by 1975). This was the first University-­‐Industry R&D contract in Brazil Prof. Hugo Fragnito; 29/05/15 [6] History 1977 Op[cal fiber at Unicamp 1979 Pilot plant at CPqD 1980 Transfer to ABC-­‐Xtal 1983 Op[cal Fiber produc[on (ABC-­‐Xtal) Fusion Couplers (Optolink, AGC) Diode Lasers (AsGa) 1992 Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifiers (Optolink, ABC-­‐Xtal) Produc[on: 1 million km/yr Submarine fiber system deployment (Sahim Cury) 2002 The “bubble.com” reaches Brazil 2006 Padtec: DWDM equipment; 100 Gbps (2012); Submarine Link Technology (2014) Prof. Hugo Fragnito; 29/05/15 [7] The players ABC-Xtal
D
q
P
C
UNICAMP
Prof. Hugo Fragnito; 29/05/15 [8] Op[cal Communica[ons R&D in Campinas Unicamp
1974
CPqD Telebrás
Contract Unicamp-Telebrás for Fiber Optic, Laser Diodes & Integrated Optics Development
OF (Optical Fiber)
1977
CPqD – Campinas Campus
NLO (Nonlinear Optics)
OF pilot plant
Fiber Couplers
1983
1986
Xtal: OF production
Quantum Dots
Fiber Couplers
EDFA (Erbium Amplifiers)
1990
Polymer MZM
NLO
Polymer MZM
WDM Systems
CPqD discontinues basic
technology development
NExFot
Fotonicom
Embratel: NLO
Privatization of Telecom
Optolink: EDFA
Contracts with Corning and Ericsson
2005 KyaTera
2014
Embratel: WDM
Contract Unicamp-CPqD for WDM system studies
2000 CePOF
2009
Xtal and AGC: EDFA
e
WDM
1996
1998
AGC: Fiber Couplers
EDFA
Solitons
1995
1997
Industry
Padtec
16 Industrial partners
Si Photonics
BRLAbs and R4F
BRPhotonics: Polymer MZM
Economics of Fiber-­‐Op[c Communica[ons Vertical Integration Chain for Optical Communications Technology
$$$
Steps
Examples
Services
Telecom Services (Telephony,
CATV, Internet), Data Centers
Systems
DWDM, Submarine, PON
End user
Carriers,
Service providers
Equipment
Rx, Tx, Transponders,
Amplifiers, ROADM
Service providers,
Integrators
Sub-assemblies
Devices
Components
Modules, Transceivers
Couplers, Lasers
Fibers
Equipment/ Assembling
industries
Materials
Prof. Hugo Fragnito; 29/05/15 [10] $$$
Customers
Optical glasses,
semiconductors
Components manufacturers,
Basis industries
Op[cal Communica[ons R&D in Campinas Unicamp
1974
1977
CPqD Telebrás
Contract Unicamp-Telebrás for Fiber Optic, Laser Diodes & Integrated Optics Development
OF (Optical Fiber)
NLO (Nonlinear Optics)
1983
Industry
Fiber Couplers
CPqD – Campinas Campus
OF pilot plant
Xtal: OF production
1986
Fiber Couplers
EDFA (Erbium Amplifiers)
1990
1995
NLO
WDM Systems
AGC: Fiber Couplers
EDFA
WDM
e
Xtal and AGC: EDFA
1996
Embratel: WDM
1997
Embratel: NLO
1998
2000
2005
2009
2014
Privatization of Telecom
Padtec
Op[cal Communica[ons R&D in Campinas Unicamp
CPqD Telebrás
Industry
1974
1977
CPqD – Campinas Campus
1983
Quantum Dots
1986
1990
1995
Solitons
Polymer MZM
1996
Polymer MZM
e
Proposed technologies that
never reached the
productive sector (so far…)
1997
1998
2000
2005
2009
2014
Fotonicom
Si Photonics
BRPhotonics: Polymer MZM
The model University
R&D Center
Industries
Simple and linear, but Key detail: Transfer of brains – technology is transferred together with the researchers (that are hired by the receptor of the knowledge) University provides well trained people and disrup#ve ideas R&D Center provides usable technology, manuals, standards Industry research makes op#miza#on, miniaturiza#on… Prof. Hugo Fragnito; 29/05/15 [13] Technology Transfer Photonics & Optical Communications in Campinas
2001: CePOF Prof. Hugo Fragnito; 29/05/15 [14] 2009: Fotonicom Wired Magazine (July, 2000) Network switches and cell sites are replacing coffee and sugarcane as this region's cash crops, making Campinas a leader in Brazil's communica[ons revolu[on. With the demand for wireless set to outstrip terrestrial lines, and data networks in need of upgrade, major players can't drop down factories fast enough. Nortel, Motorola, and Lucent are here, as well as R&D labs like CPqD -­‐ a spinoff of Telebrás, the now-­‐priva[zed na[onal telephone carrier. This city also boasts Unicamp, Brazil's answer to MIT, which houses the na[on's number-­‐one computer science program and churns out future digera[ who needn't look far for work. A tech-­‐savvy city agency, Ciatec, oversees development and manages an incubator for startups. http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/8.07/silicon.html?pg=9
Prof. Hugo Fragnito; 29/05/15 [15] Industrial Partners
Prof. Hugo Fragnito; 29/05/15 [16] Sao Paulo
Campinas
UNICAMP
HiTech Mapamundi United Nations Org 2001
Prof. Hugo Fragnito; 29/05/15 [17] Mogi Mirim
Paulínia
10 km radius
UNICAMP
Lucent Technologies
Bell Labs Innovations
Sumaré
CIATEC
Small Business Incubator
OPTOLINK (EDFA)
ECCO (Fibers, Lasers)
FIBER WORK (Fiber Bragg Gratings)
UNILASER (Lasers)
...
Monte Mor
São José dos Campos
Rio de Janeiro
0
10 km
São Paulo
29/05/15 Sorocaba
PHOTONICS MAP of CAMPINAS
Na#onal Ins#tute of Photonics Science and Technology for Op#cal Communica#ons Ins#tuto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia Fotônica para Comunicações Óp#cas THANK YOU Hugo Fragnito [email protected]fi.unicamp.br hqp://fotonicom.ifi.unicamp.br/ Prof. Hugo Fragnito; 29/05/15 [19] 
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University-Industry Interaction: The Case of Optical